Author - 

Dr. Mrityunjay Kumar Rai


Traditional knowledge is a vast repository of information that has been passed down through generations by indigenous and local peoples all over the world. The indigenous and local peoples who are the custodians of the TK have preserved and conserved the knowledge for thousands of years. Traditional knowledge and biodiversity are rich in India, and both are vital to health, medicine, agriculture, and biotechnology. The expanding importance of IP in the global economy, on the other hand, poses a persistent challenge to TK. One of the most visible effects of globalisation on international knowledge is the transition of local and traditional knowledge into global knowledge, which does not in and of itself constitute a threat to traditional and indigenous knowledge. However, certain western countries claiming monopoly rights over such knowledge while failing to recognise the holders of such information is undeniably a direct threat to humanity in general and traditional knowledge holders in particular. The transmission of ideas from one generation to the next is what traditional knowledge is all about. Traditional knowledge can be used in a range of fields, including agriculture, natural resource management, and medicine. Songs, stories, dancing methods, beliefs, practises, and rituals, among other things, are examples.


  • ‘Any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which the have the earliest historical connection: from https://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Indigenous,,peoples, rEcited on 16thof FED, 2017.

  • Folklore is the body of expressive culture, including tales, music, dance, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, customs, and so forth within a particular population comprising the traditions (including oral traditions) of that culture, subculture, or group. It is also the set of practices through which those expressive genres are shared from https://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Folklore, visited on 16” of FEB, 2017.

  • A ritual is a set of actions, often thought to have symbolic value, the performance of which is usually prescribed by a community because of the perceived efficacy of those actions from https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Ritual, visited on 16th of FED, 2017 4 John Mugabe, “Intellectual Property Protection and Traditional Knowledge, an Exploration in International Policy Discourse,” Rio-policy international, No. 21, 1999, p. 3. http://www. wipo. int/exportsites/www/ tk/ en/ hr/panel discussion /papers/pdf/ mugahe.pdf visited on Feb 20, 2020

  • Article 8(j) of the Convention of Biological Diversity, 1992.

  • The WIPO ‘s document no. WIPO/GRTKF/1C’/7/6, Annex I p.21 on the site, www. wipo, int/edocs/tndocs/rk/en/wipo,grtkf_icj/wipo_grtkfJcjj.pdf last visited on 16th of FED, 2017.

  • 7RamachandraGuha, The Unquiet Woods, Pageno. 256, University of California Press, 2000.

  • Biological Diversity Act, 2002, Section 2

  • WHO Fact Sheet, No. 134, revised In December 2008, available at http.// (accessed 14 March 2017).