The interrelationship of information and communication technology has made it possible to

convert all phenomena into digitalized information which can be shared and exchanged by

people all over the world. New developments taking place are often just seen as innovations for

bringing people together with ever improving means of communication and in common parlance

much of it is lost various jargons. The ability to distribute copyrighted work and content in

digital form through internet enabled transmissions has brought new challenges to the protection

of such content and information from unauthorized from use and copying.


Communication Technology, Infringement, Copyright, Intermediary Liability, IPR


  • Andrew J. Lee, MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. & In re Aimster Litigation : A Study of Secondary Copyright Liability in The Peer-To-Peer Context 20 Berkely Tech, L.J 485, 491 (2005).

  • Quang Hieu Vu, Mihai Lupu,, Peer-to-Peer Computing- Principles and Applications 11 (Springer, Berlin, 2010)

  • The Constitution of United States. Article I Section 8 Cl. 8.

  • The Copyright Act, 1976 17 U.S.C. 101-810 (2003).

  • Ibid.

  • The Copyright Act, 1976 17 U.S.C. 101-810 (2003). S.501.

  • 17 U.S.C. 107

  • Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988 (1988 c. 48) ss. 16,17.

  • Ibid.

  • The Copyright Act, 1957 (Act14 of 1957)

  • The Information Technology Act, 2000 (Act 21 of 2000).

  • 17 U.S.C. 107.