EFFECT OF PHYSICAL PARAMETERS (PH AND TEMPERATURE) ON THE BIOREMEDIATION OF P-NITROPHENOL
Nitin S. Kasture
The p-Nitrophenol, (PNP) is a simpler nitro-aromatic compound, which is found to be a very toxic to the plants, animals and human being. It is a high priority pollutant and has poses a significant health and the environmental hazards due to its’ mutagenic and the carcinogenic activities. p-Nitrophenol and other nitro-aromatic compounds has been considered to be the highly resistant to the biodegradation. Due to the purification of soil, water which get contaminated with nitro-aromatic is very tedious task since they are found resistant to the conventional bioremediation techniques. There are various external factors found to affect the process of bioremediation. The aim of the present work was to study the effect of physical parameters like pH and temperature on the bioremediation of p-Nitrophenol (PNP) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The bioremediation of PNP was observed in pH range from 6 to 10, but the maximum rate of PNP degradation was at pH 7. The temperature also influences the rate of PNP bioremediation. The PNP degradation was studied at different temperature ranges at 150C, 250C, 350C and 450C. This study has found that the most favorable temperature for PNP bioremediation was at 350C.
Bioremediation, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, PNP, pH, Temperature
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