A Novel Approach to Optimize
Overhead Internet Gateway for MANET

Author - 

Vikas Kumar
Niraj Singhal


A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of mobile nodes (such as laptops, PDAs) forming an arbitrary networks without the support of any fixed infrastructure such as base station or access point. In MANET, each node functions as a router and forwards packets to other peer nodes. There is no fixed topology due to the node mobility, which results in interference, multipath propagation and path loss. Mobile nodes have constraints on battery power, computation capacity, bandwidth, and wireless channel leading to number of challenges while designing routing procedures. Determining viable routing paths and delivering messages in a decentralized environment where network topology fluctuates has always attracted the attention of researchers to design new and new mechanism to solve these problems. While the shortest path (based on a given cost function) from a source to a destination in a static network is usually the optimal route, this idea is not easily extended to MANET In this paper, the work proposed a stability aware of Optimized Overhead internet gateway discovery in Mobile Ad-hoc Network that is capable of predicting the stability (i.e., expiration time) of multiple routes. AODV then selects the route that minimizes hop count while staying available for the expected duration of packet transmission. The proposed protocol increases the successful packet transmissions with comparable route establishment and maintenance overheads. A new approach in Ad-Hoc on Demand Routing Protocol (AODV) is based on the prediction of future sleep times of mobile nodes (i.e., the times when mobile nodes’ Selective Forward techniques will turn Mobile Router Advertisement (MRA) their network cards). The goal of this approach is to introduce Optimized-Overhead awareness in routing decisions and thereby to increase the number of successful packet transmissions.




  • J. Monteiro, A. Goldman, A. Ferreira, “Performance Evaluation of Dynamic Networks using an Evolving Graph Combinatorial Model”, IEEE International Conference on Wire-less and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, 2006. 

  • David B. Johnson, David A. Maltz, “Dynamic Source Routing in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks”, Mobile Computing, edited by Tomasz Imielinski and Hank Korth, Chapter 5,pages 153-181, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996.

  • C. K. Toh, “Maximum Battery Life Routing to support Ubiquitous Mobile Computing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, IEEE Communication Magazine, June 2001. 

  • M. Tarique, K. Tepe, M. Naserian, “Energy Saving Dynamic Source Routing for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks”, Third International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc, and Wireless Networks, 2005. 

  • V. Marbukh, M. Subbarao, “Framework For Maximum Survivability Routing for a MANET”, MILCOM, 2000. 

  • V. Venugopal, R. Bartos, M. Carter, S. Mupparapu, “Improvement of Robustness for Ad Hoc Networks Through Energy Aware Routing”, Parallel and Distributed Computing and Systems, 2003. 

  • MortezaMaleki, KarthikDantu, MassoudPedram, “Lifetime Prediction Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2003. 

  • P. A. C. E. Jones, K. M. Sivalingam and J.-C. Cheng. A Survey of Energy Efficient Network Protocols for Wireless Networks . ACM Wireless Networks, 7(4):343–358, 2001. 

  • Carla F. Chiasserini, Ramesh R. Rao, “A Distributed Power Management Policy for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks”, Proceedings of IEEE Wireless Communication and Networking Conference, 2000. 

  • S. S. H. Balakrishnan, V. N. Padmanabhan and R. Katz. A Comparison of Mechanismsfor Improving TCP Performance over Wireless Links . IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 5(August 1996):756–769, 1997. 

  • M. W. S. Singh and C. S. Raghavendra. Power-Aware Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks . International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Proceedings of the4th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, pages 181–190, 1998. 

  • B. H. A. Nasipuri, R. Burleson and J. Roberts. Performance of Hybrid Routing Protocolsfor Mobile Ad Hoc Networks . Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Communication and Networks (ICCCN2001), pages 296–302, 2001. 

  • Meghanathan, N., 2007. Stability-energy consumption trade off among mobile ad hoc network routing protocols. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications, Mar. 4-9, IEEE Xplore Press, Guadeloupe, pp: 9-9. DOI: 10.1109/ ICWMC.2007.85 

  • Tan, L., P. Yang and S. Chan, 2007. An error-aware and energy efficient routing protocol in manets Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, Aug. 13-16, IEEE Xplore Press, Honolulu, HI, pp: 724- 729. DOI: 10.1109/ ICCCN.2007.4317903 

  • Thilagavathe, V. and K. Duraiswamy, 2010. Reliable and energy aware qos routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Inform. Sec. 8: 272-278. 

  • Maruthamuthu, S. and S. Sankaralingam, 2011. Energy aware multiple constraints quality of service routing protocol with dynamic mobility prediction for mobile ad hoc networks. J. Comput. Sci., 7: 892-901. DOI: 10.3844/ jcssp.2011.892.901.